E-textiles are fabrics that enable computing, digital components and electronics to be embedded in them. Smart clothing or wearable technology incorporate these built-in technological elements in everyday textiles and clothes. ‘Smart’ also means that the technology is not visible on the fabric.
The promise of smart fabrics is that everyday clothing will be able to perform the task of comfort and protection more effectively. Its popularity is increasing and more research is being devoted to it, but smart clothing has not become part of the mainstream form of fashion yet. Until now, most smart fabrics have been integrated into active wear.